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Theme of this Month : Application of GIS in Fault Identification of Renewable Energy Systems
Posted : 24 Jan 2017


New Research Ideas

(Baipatra Exclusive)

Idea 1 : During a fault or a fault like situations the related factors displays a specific type of behaviour.If by some procedure such type of behaviours can be identified and mapped with 'resultant faults' then estimation of faults in a system will be both easy and accurate.Logistic regression is a estimation method where the output variable is in binary.In case of multi-nomal logistic regression the output can have more than two non-numerical values.Such methods can easily identify faults if relevant and adequate data sets are available for training where the fault like conditions are represented by non-numeric values like 'Yes' for a fault and 'No' for normal condition.Again, Polynomial Neural Networks has rarely been used as a logistic regression method.That is why, a research work can be carried out to analyze the potential of polynomial neural networks as a logistic regression method for identification and estimation of faults based on the behaviour of the correlated features(parameters).

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Idea 2 : Neuro-clustering or application of unsupervised neural networks for dividing a data into different clusters and identifying the cluster in which most of the data has produced a fault like condition in the system, can be a nice idea for research.The method of clusterization is an example of classification of data without any guidance or feedback. The clusterization methods like K-means or Unsupervised neural networks divide a data into clusters based on specific characteristics depicted by the variables. The characteristics can be depicted by the difference from mean or median etc. different parameters of descriptive statistics.One of the major advantage of this method is that the requirement of training data can be avoided as well as the impact of historical inferences.Uncertain or data with very low probability can be interpreted as a fault or abnormal condition and is clustered in a single group.If this group can be mapped with the faults then the complexity of identification of faults will be less time consuming and more reliable.

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Idea 3 : The Geographical Information Systems(GIS) with the fault identification algorithms embedded in the attribute tables can be prepared for any system for single window and spatially accurate identification of the fault location.A research work on the "application of GIS in power distribution networks for  identification of the location of fault" can be conducted where algorithms like logistic regression or clusterization can be implemented to estimate fault like conditions.

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Idea 4 : Feature selection for fault detection studies is one of the major problem which have a certain impact to reduce the accuracy of fault estimation algorithms.The subjective selection based on experience or past performance of the system can often result in incorrect selection of factors.There is a chance that some important factors is ignored whereas some un-necessary parameters are included.A solution to this problem is to apply objective data-driven methods which will select the factors based on their significance.Multi-Criteria Decision Making methods like Analytical Hierarchy Process(AHP),Analytical Network Process(ANP) etc. which are both objective and depends on data can be utilized to select the factors that are really important and necessary to be included for fault estimation studies.

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Software Recommendations


Name of the Software : Whitebox GAT(Link)
Catchline from Homepage : "Whitebox GAT is intended to provide a platform for advanced geospatial data analysis with applications in both environmental research and the geomatics industry more broadly".
Screenshot :http://www.uoguelph.ca/~hydrogeo/Whitebox/screenshots.html
Download : http://www.uoguelph.ca/~hydrogeo/Whitebox/download.shtml
Purpose : digitize raster images,image processing,preparation of geo-database
Why use ? :  Free to use,Can edit code,Image analysis features.
Alerts : Free and open source,updates will depend on funding

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Name of the Software : Uncertainty Sidekick Freeware(Link)
Catchline from Homepage : "a freeware application for calculating and analyzing measurement uncertainty that incorporates the concepts and methods presented in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM)".
Screenshot :http://www.isgmax.com/sidekick_details.htm
Download : http://www.isgmax.com/uncertainty_freeware.htm
Purpose : uncertainty calculation
Why use ? :  Free to use,structured analysis path,user friendly,can compute confidence limit for combined uncertainty,pareto diagrams,user defined report,data entry upto 200 samples.
Alerts : Free and open source,updates will depend on funding.

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Books Recommendations

Name of the Book : Model-based Fault Diagnosis in Dynamic Systems Using Identification Techniques(Link)
Publisher :Springer Science & Business Media
Authors/Editors : Silvio Simani, Cesare Fantuzzi, Ron J. Patton
Key Area : fault diagnosis,dynamic system,model based apps,uncertainty analysis
Useful for : anyone interested with fault detection and analysis
Why buy this book ? : to learn about model based fault diagnosis methods in dynamic systems
Price : 169.99 Euro

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Name of the Book : Fault-Diagnosis Systems : An Introduction from Fault Detection to Fault Tolerance(Link)
Publisher :Springer Science & Business Media
Authors/Editors :   Isermann, Rolf
Key Area : Supervision, health-monitoring, fault detection, fault diagnosis,fault management,fault-tolerant systems with redundancy

Useful for : anyone interested with fault detection and analysis
Why buy this book ? : to learn about the methods for fault detection with redundancy in "processes like electrical motors, pumps, actuators, sensors and automotive components"
Price : 56.95 Euro

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Name of the Book : Handbook of Condition Monitoring: Techniques and Methodology(Link)
Publisher :Springer Science & Business Media
Authors/Editors :    Davies, A.
Key Area : condition monitoring
Useful for : anyone interested with condition monitoring methodologies
Why buy this book ? : to learn about the methods for condition monitoring in manufacturing and mechanical systems.
Price : 339.00 Euro

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Name of the Book : Model-Based Fault Diagnosis Techniques:Design Schemes, Algorithms and Tools(Link)
Publisher :Springer Science & Business Media.
Authors/Editors :   Ding, Steven
Key Area : "model-based FDI techniques","algorithms and mathematical and control engineering tools","benchmarks"
Useful for : anyone interested with fault diagnosis by algorithms
Why buy this book ? : to learn about the algorithms and models for fault isolation and identification,alarm management,systematic threshold determination for systems with both deterministic unknown inputs and stochastic noises and residual evaluation.
Price : 200.00 Euro

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Journal Recommendations


Name of Journal :  Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology(Link)
Area : soft-computing,electrical system,fault identification and detection.
Editorial Board : Most of the members are from Egypt.Some are frm Slovakia and Cheque Republic.
Publisher : This journal is published from Electronic Research Institute Egypt but hosted by Elsevier.
Most Downloaded Paper : On Fault identification by combined discrete wavelet transform and fuzzy logic.(Link)
Acceptance Rate : 62.5%(2015 as calculated by publisher)
Frequency of Publication : 3 per year
First Issue was published on : 2014

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Name of Journal :  InternationalJournal of Systems Science : Operations & Logistics (Link)
Area : operations research, operations planning and control, queuing theory, maintenance and reliability,optimization in logistics and operations
Editorial Board : Multinational Editorial Board led by Visakan Kadirkamanathan, Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, University of Sheffield, Mappin Street, Sheffield S1 3JD, UK
Publisher : Taylor and Francis
Most Downloaded Paper : On integrated determination on production quantity,product and process parameters(Link)
Acceptance Rate : Not disclosed.
Frequency of Publication : 4 per year
First Issue was published on : 2014

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Name of Journal :  International Journal of Advanced Intelligence Paradigms(Link)
Area : possibility theory,probabilistic reasoning,belief functions,rough sets,decision theory
Editorial Board : Multinational Editorial Board headed by Prof. Valentina E. Balas  and Prof. Anca Ralescu  of US and Romania respectively.
Publisher : Inderscience(Scopus indexed)
Most Downloaded Paper : Not disclosed
Acceptance Rate : Not disclosed
Frequency of Publication : 6 per year
First Issue was published on : 2009

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Name of Journal :  International Journal of Automation and Control (Link)
Area : control theory and practice,identification and modelling,application of soft computing,real-time issues,distributed control and remote monitoring,system integration,fault detection and isolation (FDI).
Editorial Board : Multinational Editorial Board led by Mahalik, N. P., California State University, Fresno, USA
Publisher : Inderscience(Scopus and SCIE indexed)
Most Downloaded Paper : Not disclosed
Acceptance Rate : Not disclosed.
Frequency of Publication : 4 per year
First Issue was published on : 2007

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Instrument Recommendation

Name of the Instruments :
Sonic Leak Detection
Measurand : Vibration in pipe lines(structure born noise)
Used for : Water leak detection
Variations : Metrotech HL 5000 and Leak-Pro acoustic systems
Upper Limits :
Link :http://www.simplyleakdetection.biz/leak-detection-equipment/

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Name of the Instruments : Merrium Mano meters
Measurand : Inline Pressure
Used for : Tank level and flow measurement,Leak detection
Variations : U-tube,Well Type and Inclined
Upper Limits : Upto 250 psi for Well Type and 350 psi for Inclined Variation
Link : https://www.meriam.com/product-category/manometers/

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Name of the Instruments :Multi Gas Leak Detector
Measurand : Leask of Helium gas inserted in a pipe line
Used for : Leak detection in pressurized cables, storage tanks or any closed system that can be pressurized with the tracer gas
Variations :
Upper Limits : Upto 25 PPM of tracer gas
Link :http://www.simplyleakdetection.biz/leak-detection-equipment/


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Name of the Instruments : Portable low PSI (Leak-Pro) Air systems
Measurand : Leak detection
Used for : airpressure testing and leak detection applications
Variations :
Upper Limits :
Link : http://www.simplyleakdetection.biz/leak-detection-equipment/


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Short Tutorials

Name of the Tutorial : Fault detection and isolation
Link : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fault_detection_and_isolation
Site : Wikipedia
Why useful ? Although wikipedia articles are said to be unreliable but in this case this introduction to fault detection is one of the most easy and extensive tutorial.
Keyword : Fault detection

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Name of the Tutorial : A Guide to Fault Detection and Diagnosis
Link : http://www.gregstanleyandassociates.com/whitepapers/FaultDiagnosis/faultdiagnosis.htm
Site : Greg Stanley and Associates
Why useful ? Complete definition and description of faults and its types.How to identify ? and manage fault like conditions.All the techniques mostly utilized were discussed.This tutorial is sufficient to give an introduction to fault identificaltion process.
Keyword : Fault detection

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Name of the Tutorial : Logistic Regression
Link : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logistic_regression
Site : Greg Stanley and Associates
Why useful ? One more wikipedia page and one more recommendation for easy but adequate representation of the concept of logistic regression.
Keyword : Logistic regression

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Name of the Tutorial : Introduction to GIS
Link :https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z5s8kbEdB68
Site : Youtube
Why useful ? An introduction to the concept of Geographical Information Systems(GIS).It introduces about the purpose,applications and basic functions of GIS.
Keyword : Geographical Information Systems

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